History Of Mahabalipuram

Mahabalipuram Rathas

Five Rathas Mahabalipuram

Mahabalipuram Rathas are set of magnificent monolithic rock temples. Five Rathas mahabalipuram are the perfect example of Dravidian style architecture. They appear same to the Buddhist shrines and monasteries. Mahabalipuram rathas are created with towers. Five Rathas Mahabalipuram describes the great epic of Mahabharata with their wife. Monolithic Rathas Mahabalipuram is very well known by the name of pancha pandava rahthas

Draupadi's Rath

Draupadi's Rath located at the entrance, is simple and devoted to Goddess Durga. Goddess Durga Female door keeper standing near to the Rath, one holding a bow and another sword. On the eastern wall a bas-relief stands portraying Goddess Durga standing on lotus offering flowers. At the front of Rath there is Lion's statue which is celestial vehicle of Goddess Durga.

Arjuna's Rath

Arjuna's Rath is devoted to Lord Shiva.It has a carved pillar stones and inside the shrine carving of gods and humans are beautifully portrayed. On the north wall gate keepers, Lord Vishnu and Garuda are carved. Eastern wall is carved with Dwarka-Palaks and on the middle wall portrayed of Lord Indra riding on elephant and two beautiful women are carved beautifully.

Nakul – Sahadev's Rath

In front of Arjuna's Rath is the Nakula – Sahadev Rath double building devoted to Lord Indra. There is also some proof depicting that Nakul-Sahadev's Rath is devoted to Subramanya associated with elephants facing towars the sea. The elephant sculptures are huge and are highlights of the Five Rathas Mahabalipuram. Back side of elephants has given the name Gajaprishthakara that means elephant's back side

Bhima Rath

Bhima Ratha is faced towards west and it is the third rath amongs the other Mahabalipuram rathas. The shrine is attractive which measures 42 ft in length, 24ft in width and 25ft in height. The pillars are lion carved whereas the other parts are plain. In the epic Mahabharata Bhima the giant guy who was very strong.

Dharmaraja Yudhistar's Rath

Dharmaraja Yudhistar Rath is the huge amongst the all Mahabalipuram Rathas and named after the eldest of the Pandavas. This Rath is resembles to the Arjuna's Ratha and the design on this rath is amazing. This Rath is also dedicated to Lord Shiva. The ground floor is incomplete. Twenty two carves are found on the first floor.

The Ganesh Rath

Ganesh Rath is the only completed sculpture of the all five Mahabalipuram Rathas which is lies west to the Bhim Rath and it resembles the Arjuna Penance. It was earlier dedicated to lord shiva and now it is a shrine of Ganesha.
Pallavas built four more Mahabalipuram Rathas, two ratha lies side by side are named as Pidari Rathas, to the south of Mahabalipuram rathas lies Valayankuttai Rathand and the fourth one which lies opposite to the Mahishasura Mardini Mandap is nameless.


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